An evocative landscape

Located on the Southern slope of the Nebrodi Mountains, the sight of the whole city will impress you upon arrival.
From the highest (and oldest) point of the city, the “Piazza Conte Ruggero”, you can enjoy the incredibly suggestive panorama. From here, you can admire the magnificence of Mount Etna – our active volcano – the coast of the Ionian Sea and Mount San Pantheon. And, on the opposite side, the Nebrodi woods and the Sartori Lake.

Troina is a city rich in nature and history, a must-see destination for those who wish to experience the truest and most authentic Sicily.


The fascinating history of Troina

Troina is a city of ancient origins.
The first settlements belong to the prehistoric era. Inhabited by the Sicanians and Sicels first, colonized by the Greeks, then conquered by the Saracens, Troina met its highest splendor with the arrival of the Normans in 1061 and. with the courage and strength of Count Ruggero, became the first seat of the political and military power of the island. The town was also visited by Pope Urban II in 1088 and by Emperor Carlo V in 1535.

Immerse yourself in history and relive the past strolling through the historic streets that tell the ancient roots of Troina.

The name origin

Both ancient and modern scholars agree in identifying the name Troina with ‘Engyon’, home of the pre-Hellenic temple devoted to the cult of the Mother Goddesses and pilgrimage destination.

The oldest form of the present name is Traghina, derived from the Greek adjective ‘rough’, ‘rocky’. There are also other forms: Trayna, Trahyna, Trahina or Drakinai, Drajna and Tragina, all converging in the present name of the city.

Ancient origins

Traces of human settlements dating back to the Neolithic Age and the still-visitable necropolis located on Mount Mugana’, testify to the prehistoric origins of the city.
Troina still preserves the remains of the Hellenistic-Roman city and the ruins of an impressive megalithic defensive wall dating from the 4th century. B.C. – 3rd century B.C.

Come and visit the archaeological site where you can still find the signs of these ancient civilizations.


A strategic location

Thanks to its geographical position, Troina was an important military stronghold both in the Greek and Roman times and during the Byzantine and Arab dominations.
During the Norman period, in 1060, Troina was chosen by Count Ruggero for the conquest of the island, as a citadel in the mountains overlooking the vast surrounding valleys.
In this historical period in Sicily, Arabs, Normans, Latins, Jews and Byzantines lived together for the common good. Poets, generals and scientists met at Ruggero’s court with the purpose of developing a society that established itself to be a major power in the Mediterranean.

Get to know this fascinating and flourishing period of the history of Troina and Sicily, deepen your knowledge of the Normans and of Count Ruggero d’Altavilla; explore the city’s fascinating journey by strolling through the main street of the old town, named after him.

What life was in the past centuries

In the old town, narrow alleys intertwine like a labyrinth, recalling an Arab “Casbah”.

Walking around this tangle of small roads, many of them made entirely of steps and archways, is like immersing oneself into the charm of the Middle Ages.

Details in the buildings testify to an ancient history, which you can also hear by listening to old folks’ fascinating anecdotes.

A medieval village

The historic center stretches along Via Conte Ruggero, from which all the other steep and tangled streets of the city originate.

While exploring them, you can completely immerse yourself in history and imagine what life was like in the past centuries.

Breathtaking views reveal Mount Etna that almost appears suspended on a cloud.