The name origin
Both ancient and modern scholars agree in identifying the name Troina with ‘Engyon’, home of the pre-Hellenic temple devoted to the cult of the Mother Goddesses and pilgrimage destination.
The oldest form of the present name is Traghina, derived from the Greek adjective ‘rough’, ‘rocky’. There are also other forms: Trayna, Trahyna, Trahina or Drakinai, Drajna and Tragina, all converging in the present name of the city.
A strategic location
Thanks to its geographical position, Troina was an important military stronghold both in the Greek and Roman times and during the Byzantine and Arab dominations.
During the Norman period, in 1060, Troina was chosen by Count Ruggero for the conquest of the island, as a citadel in the mountains overlooking the vast surrounding valleys.
In this historical period in Sicily, Arabs, Normans, Latins, Jews and Byzantines lived together for the common good. Poets, generals and scientists met at Ruggero’s court with the purpose of developing a society that established itself to be a major power in the Mediterranean.
Get to know this fascinating and flourishing period of the history of Troina and Sicily, deepen your knowledge of the Normans and of Count Ruggero d’Altavilla; explore the city’s fascinating journey by strolling through the main street of the old town, named after him.
A medieval village
The historic center stretches along Via Conte Ruggero, from which all the other steep and tangled streets of the city originate.
While exploring them, you can completely immerse yourself in history and imagine what life was like in the past centuries.
Breathtaking views reveal Mount Etna that almost appears suspended on a cloud.